Home
   
  Museums
  History
  Architecture
   
  Hotels
  Restaurants
  Tours
  Transportation
  Information
   
  Another towns
   

 

History of Suzdal. Mongol-Tartar invasion.

    Mongol-Tartar invasion of 1237-1238 didnt pass over Suzdal. Mongol hordes, commanded by Batu Khan, laid siege to Vladimir and went to Suzdal up the Nerl River. They deceived grand prince Georgys plans who expected to meet enemies on the Sit river. The hordes came to Yarun Hill close to the Kremlin. Suzdal was burnt out and plundered; almost all citizens were killed or captured. The monastery of Entrance was destroyed. Forces of the grand prince were womped on banks of the Sit river.
    In 1257 Suzdal was laid under tribute. Mongol tax-gatherers managed to receive it.
    That time Vladimir lost its value and Suzdal became a center of religious life. New monasteries are built: the Trinity Monastery next to The Convent of the Deposition of the Robe of the Mother of God in the northern part of the town, the Monastery of St. Alexander (legends unite its name with Alexander Nevskys name) on the high bank of Kamenka river on the North-East, the Monastery of St. Basil on the East on the Kamenka river bend. Not a stick or stone remained of those buildings all of them were wooden.
    Under the influence of Moscow principalitys politics, Suzdal prince Konstantin Vasilyevish moved the capital of Suzdal-Nizhny Novgorod principality to Volga, rather far off powerful neighbour. During an opposition of Moscow and Suzdal princes, the great Monastery of our Saviour and St. Euthimius and The Convent of the Intercession of the Mother of God were built. They also performed as fortresses.
    In 1392 the Horde gave a right for Suzdal-Nizhny Novgorod principality to Moscow prince Vasili Dmitriyevich. It meant the end of Suzdal independence, although it had tried to restore political authority and previous territory of the principality by 1445.

Next